Thousands of frescoes about the Last Judgment and other oddities of the ancient cathedral, which is considered a symbol of Florence
In the center of Florence there is a unique, absolutely magnificent building - the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore. It was built 150 years, but such a long and…

Continue reading →

"Gingerbread" Kremerbryuke
The bridge, originally invented by people as a construction connecting two points, has long ceased to perform a narrowly applied function. In the modern sense, such an architectural structure can…

Continue reading →

Why are straw roofs from 100 years ago so popular in England?

Seeing these beautiful “gingerbread” houses with original roofs, it seems that all of them are from the past centuries or even from some fairy tale. But in reality, such dwellings are the highlight and, one can say, the calling card of modern Britain. In the British provinces, it is still fashionable to cover the roofs with straw — just like a few thousand years ago. It is even surprising how this idea has not yet been picked up by modern Russian summer residents.

From the dwellings of the Bronze Age to modern cottages
On the territory of the British kingdom today, you can count about 60 thousand thatched houses – you will not find such a number in any other European country.

The practice of building houses with thatched roofs existed here several thousand years ago, when the local population built primitive hut-huts. Gradually, the houses became more and more perfect, but the roofs were invariably done as before. For this purpose, from time immemorial, they used most often dried long stalks of a special sort of wheat (for example, they did it in the south of England) or water cane (it is more popular in the eastern part of the country).

In the XIX century, due to the proliferation of new types of roofing materials (for example, tiles or roofing slate), as well as wheat degeneration, this tradition almost disappeared, and thatched roofs became associated with poverty. However, in the second half of the last century, the straw roofing fashion returned to Britain and swept the provincial population with a new force. Such buildings here are called thatched cottages, and the roofs themselves are simply thatch. Experts say that such roofs even in damp England can easily serve up to half a century. Moreover, nowadays, thatched roof is impregnated with special means that give a fireproof and waterproof effect.

Making a thatched roof is an art
In the UK, as you know, there are a lot of old houses, however, roofers have a practice of not completely replacing the roof, but simply covering the old straw layers with new ones. And so – several times in the entire history of the building, because some of the houses for 100-200 years. As a result, the roofs are multilayered and look thick, which looks very picturesque. Hence the association with the gingerbread house. However, if the old roof is completely bad, you have to remove it all the same, and such a replacement, as a rule, is done with hotel parts.

The very same technology of making straw roofs is very complex, and they learn this art for quite a long time (as a rule, from well-known, reputable craftsmen). Sheaves are laid tightly to each other, fasten, align with a special spatula and stitch.

Named the most beautiful and comfortable buildings in the world
There are several prestigious awards in the world architecture. One of them is the RIBA International Prize established by the Royal Institute of British Architects. There are several nominations in…

...

Faces of metropolitan houses: How mascarons appeared in Moscow and where they can be seen
When people rush through the streets of the center of Moscow, few people notice small details on old houses. Moreover, even large and seemingly noticeable architectural elements elude our attention.…

...

What survived the "Winter Palace in miniature"
It is called the “chest of drawers” ​​and the “Winter Palace in miniature”. This building is actually the only “representative” of the architectural style of Rastrelli’s Baroque in the center…

...

How an extravagant centipede skyscraper appeared in Moscow, and what did the settlers think about it
It is possible to joke that apartment houses "on legs" appeared in Russia in the era of Baba Yaga. But seriously, these buildings first gained popularity in the 20-30s of…

...