10 inclined towers from around the world that can compete with the Leaning Tower of Pisa
The architecture has an amazing property to amaze, delight, inspire and amaze. And among the architectural monuments of different times there are sometimes really strange objects. Many people think that the famous Leaning Tower of Pisa is the only “falling” tower in the world. But in fact, there are a lot of buildings in the world, which today are under a still greater angle and have a much more interesting history than the tower in Pisa.
1. Jam Minaret. Gore afghanistan
The Jam minaret, built in 1194, stands at a gradient of about 3.47 degrees, which is less than that of the Leaning Tower of Pisa. However, the minaret itself is above the Leaning Tower of Pisa, which was built over a century later, at 9 meters.
The minaret was built by the Gurida, a dynasty that ruled an ancient empire that stretched from Iran to Bengal. The capital of the empire was called Firuzkuh (“Turquoise Mountain”). Its location was lost in history, but researchers believe that the city was located somewhere near the minaret.
The construction began to bend as the minaret stood on swampy and insufficiently firm soil. In this place two mountain gorges and a river converge. The minaret is not popular due to its remote location. Anyone who wants to see him will have 12 hours to go on rocky roads. In the past, this road was infested with bandits who plundered travelers. Today, the minaret is under the control of the Taliban.
2. Minaret of the Al-Nuri Cathedral Mosque. Mosul, Iraq
The great mosque of al-Nouri was built in 1172 by order of atabek Nur ad-Din Mahmud Zangi, after whom the structure is named. He ruled the territories now known as Mosul and Aleppo. Nur ad-Din Mahmoud Zangi became famous for leading a jihad against the Christian crusaders, which led to the capture of Damascus (at that time controlled by the crusaders). Since Nur ad-Din was a Sunni, he repeatedly attempted to establish the power of Sunnis over Shiites. It is not surprising that Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the leader of the Islamic state, decided to announce the creation of a “caliphate” in July 2014 in this mosque after its terrorists drove the Iraqi forces out of Mosul. Of course, it is worth noting that the original mosque built by Nur ad-Din collapsed long ago and was replaced. But the original minaret, 45 meters high (150 feet), which is called al-Hadba (the “hunchback”), remained standing.
No one knows why or when the “hunchback” began to lurch, but the slope was observed from the 14th century. According to folklore legends, the minaret tilted when the prophet Muhammad flew over him on his way to paradise. But this story is definitely wrong, because Muhammad died long before the minaret was built. The tilt, as scientists believe, was caused by strong winds, poor mortar, and the fact that sunlight fell on the bricks on one side only. During the Iran-Iraq war, a number of underground pipes were damaged during the bombing of Mosul. This led to the fact that sewage began to seep into the ground and damaged the foundation of the building, deteriorating the slope. But the minaret did not have time to fall, as the Islamic state blew it up in 2017, trying to stop the advance of the Iraqi army.
3. Zuurkhuzen Leaning Tower. Zuurhusen, Germany
The leaning tower Zuurkhuzen holds the Guinness World Record as the most inclined (naturally) building in the world. Its tilt angle is 5.19 degrees (for comparison, the Leaning Tower of Pisa is only inclined by 3.99 degrees). The Zuurhuzen steep tower is part of a church, and was built in the middle ages in a swampy area. Therefore, builders first buried oak logs in the ground before laying the foundation. As a result, the building stood a century, but when the surrounding land was depleted in the XVIII century, the oak logs dried out and the tower began to heel.
By the 1970s, she leaned so much that some were afraid that the whole structure would collapse. The government attempted to demolish the landmark, but local residents prevented it by pledging to support the tower. The church and the tower are no longer used for worship and are only a tourist attraction (however, visitors are not allowed inside because of fears of a collapse).
4. The tower in Zaragoza. Zaragoza, Spain
The 80-meter-high tower in Zaragoza leaned in one direction immediately after it was built in 1504. It is assumed that construction was carried out in a hurry, and some structural defects were made.