7 unique temples recognized as vivid examples of modern religious architecture
The temple in the understanding of most people must necessarily meet the classical architectural canons corresponding to a particular religion. But such a view is most likely connected with our ideas about the conservatism of religion. For Orthodox Christians, this is true. The ROC is proud of its traditions and the fact that it has not changed them for hundreds of years. However, not all confessions are guided by these dogmas.
This spiral miracle is located in Japan, on the island of Honshu. The architect – the famous Hiroshi Nakamuro – managed to create a building, the very construction of which tells the story of happy love. This project has no walls, floor and ceiling in our usual sense – their functions are performed by two spiral staircases wrapping around the chapel. The wedding ritual is that the bride and groom, each in their own way, go upstairs alone, where they meet each other and with a beautiful view from this point. At the same time, one helix constructively supports and strengthens the other, and together they also create a rather seismically strong structure.
Two young Belgian architects Peterian Guis and Arnout van Waerenberg were able to create a unique building that looks almost transparent. It consists entirely of metal plates and lintels that hold them together. At the small sizes the weight of the building makes 30 tons. Despite this, the silhouette of the classical German church seems to be floating in the air. There is an unusual architectural object in a very picturesque place, which can only be reached on foot – this is another idea of its creators. The play of light and the primordial nature create a special mood among church visitors and give rise to many thoughts about the soul, faith, man and his place in this world.
Hallgrimskirkja – Lutheran Church, is the fourth tallest building in Iceland. It was built in the center of Reykjavik and is dedicated to the national leader of the 17th century, Hallgrimyur Petursson. It usually causes people to have very different associations – with a volcanic eruption, with stalagmites, with ice hummocks, or with an organ. By the way, the organ in it really is – a unique instrument weighing 25 tons was created specifically for this church by the famous German master. Hallgrimskirkja is one of the most recognizable buildings in Iceland, with its rich history and real pride among Icelanders.
This monumental building was the last work of the famous modernist architect Le Corbusier. The construction of the temple lasted for more than 40 years. The church is located in the small industrial town of Firmini in the center of France. This is an old industrial area, therefore, according to the creator’s idea, the temple should resemble a clay-clay oven or a natural grotto. To create this effect inside the building, a variety of artistic techniques are used – small sources of natural light located on the roof and a unique interior. According to Le Corbusier, “The space (of the church) should not be overwhelming, so that the prayer can feel high enough and prayers can breathe in it.”
This unique structure as if grows out of the famous Arizona red rocks. Such an unusual Catholic cathedral was built in America in 1956 according to the design of M. Staud. The height of the window with a cross is about 27 meters. Margarita Stauda is a deeply religious person, she has been looking for a place for a temple for more than 20 years, which was to become the main work of her whole life. By the way, she financed the building entirely from her own funds and dedicated this church to her mother. Now this object is visited not only by believers, but also by tourists from all over the world. Their number reaches 4 million per year.
Igreja da Santíssima Trindade – Basilica of the Most Holy Trinity