House with towers in St. Petersburg: A building in the style of English castles, which can withstand even a high-explosive bomb
One of the most beautiful tenement houses of St. Petersburg at the beginning of the 20th century looks as if an unknown force transferred it here from European countries. The owner designed it himself and later settled here – on the top floor, in the apartment between the towers. This magnificent building, like a strange decoration, still pleases the eye of passersby.Profitable house Rosenstein-Belogruda – a unique example of historicism in the architecture of the northern capital.
A beautifully decorated house, like a giant open book, which faces three busy streets, is radically different from all that we see around. And it is no coincidence that since the middle of the last century it has been protected by the state as an architectural monument.
Becoming the owner of a large plot of land on the Petrograd side (now it’s a district of Lev Tolstoy Square), the architect and part-time director of a large Russian-Swedish cement plant Konstantin Rosenstein first decided to design the future building himself, but in the process he realized that he needed an assistant and invited in co-authors of the original-minded architect and artist Andrey Belogrud. The latter was distinguished by his love for the architectural style of the Middle Ages and, therefore, supplemented the project with all sorts of elements in the spirit of European Gothic.
In particular, it was Belogrud who invented to turn the belvedere on the corners of the building into chic hexagon towers. Original and color combination: it seems that the light walls of the building are decorated with dark brown lace. Andrey Belogrud also invented a dial with a depiction of zodiac signs on one of the towers.
Gothic house with elements of neo-renaissance, stylized as a castle of the Middle Ages, with external beauty was also distinguished by extraordinary durability – bearing beams of interfloor ceilings were made by special order. It was these I-beams during the Great Patriotic War that saved the building: when a high-explosive bomb exploded next to it, the nearest wall of the house only slightly shifted, but he himself remained unharmed.
Well, the layout of the apartments in the house was very rational in terms of the use of free space.
By the way, when designing the house, the owner decided not to demolish the old, five-story building that was already standing here, but to make it part of the new, as evidenced by two bay windows, clearly visible from Lev Tolstoy Street. The old house was built into the existing building.
Rosenstein equipped his apartment house at that time in a very modern way: there were also towel dryers (heaters), heated floors, and gas stoves in the apartments, and the two had a garage for cars.
Construction of the building was completed in 1915, two years before the revolution. During this time, famous actors, singers, scientists, and writers of that time managed to inhabit it.
After the revolution, the savings floors, cinemas, and television studios worked on the first floors of the building, and in 1978, after the building had undergone reconstruction, it opened a miniature theater, which was later transferred to another theater, the Russian Entrepreneur. .
By the way, this theater is named after Andrei Mironov, and meanwhile, before the revolution, the grandfather of the famous actor, they say, just owned a bill of sale for a part of this house.
The fate of Rosenstein himself is interesting. Unlike many owners of apartment houses, with the advent of Soviet power, he did not go abroad and did not fall into the number of enemies of the people.