5 historical buildings that Moscow has lost in the last seven years
Over the past few years, Moscow has become much younger. The average age of its buildings has decreased not only due to new buildings, but also because of the demolition of buildings that are more than a hundred years old. Many of them had historical and architectural value, were favorite attractions of tourists. They can not be remembered, and it is very sad that they were considered something extra in Moscow.
In total in Moscow over the past seven years, more than a half and a half of the old buildings have been demolished. Five of them were especially dear to the heart of every Muscovite (as well as many fans of Old Moscow from other cities and countries).
Profitable House Eggers
One of the unique creations of the Russian architect of the Silver Age, Ivan Mashkov, the house was built in 1913 on Rossolimo Street. For many years, lovers of old Moscow sought recognition of its architectural value, especially since the original interior remained in the hallways, but the land under it seemed to be too expensive. The floor was made of metal tiles, forged gratings of stair railing, thin stucco details – everything was ruthlessly destroyed.
Sergey Eggers, the original owner of the house, was a notary and was engaged, among other things, in the affairs of the Tolstoy family – they had a home in Moscow nearby. In addition to Eggers, Patriarch Alexy I, who was a frequent guest in one of the apartments, remembered the walls of the house. Before demolition, the building was in excellent condition, it was broken with great difficulty. True, they left a facade from him, it will be inscribed in a new building – but the house was not only famous for its facade.
The hospital together with the temple on its territory was built in 1914, at the very beginning of the First World War, and was immediately used for its intended purpose. Interiors inside did not change up to our time. This is another building that was denied architectural or historical significance, no matter how it was fought.
The hospital was built at the expense of the citizens in the shortest possible time, and the railway conducted a separate branch to it in order to deliver the wounded quickly and comfortably by train, and not on Tryas carts. The city government took care of bringing water, electricity and trams to the building. The hospital itself was not just a hospital, but a monument to civilian unity, which the authorities and ordinary citizens showed during its construction. Demolished it before receiving any permits for demolition, instantly.
Solomon Mikhoels is a well-known Soviet actor and theater director. He lived in a house built in the nineteenth century by Russian architect Vasily Myasnikov. In addition to Mikhoels, in the house, immediately after the revolution, the writer Vsevolod Ivanov also lived, Sergei Yesenin came to visit here. By that time, the house had already turned from a manor into a communal flat – it was originally built for a certain Kirikov family.
Thanks to modeling around the windows, the house seemed fabulous, almost toy. Having driven into it, Ivanov looked round and immediately spent all the cash on expensive wallpaper – others did not fit this house. I slept after that, to Yesenin’s delight, on the floor — Yesenin told Ivanov that real writers should live like this.
A typical house of the Silver Age, it was built in 1905, and when it was demolished, experts stated the biggest architectural loss of a decade – in Moscow, of course. Before the demolition, they promised to preserve the exclusive facade from the architect Pavel Zarutsky as the main decoration of the street, but the building was eventually completely demolished.
For the first time in Moscow, the sgraffito technique popular at the beginning of the twentieth century was used on the facade. In 2012, it was announced that the house could be reconstructed, but the creation of Zarutsky did not wait for reconstruction. A remarkable work of Moscow Art Nouveau, its Art Nouveau frieze was turned into dust.
The mosque, built back in 1904 under the project of Nikolai Zhukov, survived two revolutions and two world wars, the struggle against religions and the nineties. Now on the site of a unique historical building there is a new mosque, which is called the same way, but it was built after 2011 – it was in that year that the real Moscow mosque was demolished.
Now few people remember, but in Moscow there was a large Tatar diaspora, and many janitors were Tatars (and not only janitors, of course!). In addition, non-believers studied in local gymnasiums – the children of officers from the Muslim territories of the Russian Empire, officials from Muslim nations built their careers.