What hides the English treasure house of Chatsworth House, where everyone feels like an aristocrat
The treasure house is what Chatsworth House in the UK is called, just as it does outside. This estate does not just keep a collection of priceless artifacts – it unites them into something single, living, keeping the memory of the history of England and the history of one English family.
The Cavendish Family and the Dukes of Devonshire – Home of Chatsworth
Chatsworth House is located in Derbyshire, 241 kilometers north of London, on the banks of the River Derwent. This is the residence of the Dukes of Devonshire, and for many generations they build, complement and decorate Chatsworth and his collections. The estate dates back to 1549, when the title of Duke of Devonshire did not exist. William Cavendish, married to Bess from Hardwick, the famous lady of the Elizabethan era, decided to settle in these lands. The descendants of this family belonged to Chatsworth since (the title of duke from 1694 was given to the head of the Cavendish clan).
However, after the death of Sir William, Bess married again, and with her husband, Earl Shrewsbury, continued to live in Chatsworth, which, among other things, became for some time the place of imprisonment of the Scottish Queen Maria Stewart. Bess marked the beginning of an extensive collection of embroidery and tapestries, which now is the pride of the estate.
The new building in the Baroque style was built in 1687, and since then has been rebuilt, reconstructed and modified in accordance with the requirements of the time and the plan of the owners.
Over the nearly five hundred years of its existence, Chatsworth House passed from hand to hand from one head of the family to another. The sixth Duke William Cavendish, who was both a builder, a gardener, and a collector who filled Chatsworth with a huge number of trophies from his many travels, made an especially great contribution to the residence of the English aristocrats.
The garden, broken around the house, is considered to be a pearl of garden art – there is both a labyrinth indispensable for the English, and a cascade fountain that has existed for more than three hundred years, and a greenhouse, created by the first duke. For visitors to the manor in the garden, exhibitions are arranged, and some of the exhibits sometimes become part of Chatsworth’s permanent exhibition – if they turn out to be especially nice to the Cavendish family.
English gardeners, who glorified the landscapes of Chatsworth and proper names – Lancelot Brown, who worked here in the middle of the XVIII century, and Joseph Paxton, a scientist, architect and gardener who worked a hundred years later.
Open to the general public, this house became in the middle of the twentieth century, when the family was faced with the usual phenomenon for all large estates: the content of large aristocratic residences turned out to be their owners can not do. One land tax by 1950 was seven million pounds. The eleventh Duke of Devonshire, together with his wife Deborah, decided to reconstruct the house and turn it into a cultural object accessible to visitors, because over the past centuries, one of the most powerful families in Britain has accumulated enough objects interesting to art lovers.
Chatsworth House is primarily distinguished by the richness of the exhibition – the total number of works of art here is extremely large, they all have great artistic and historical value. What is, for example, a da Vinci drawing made by the master for the painting “Leda and the Swan”, which was subsequently lost. Thanks to the sixth Duke, the Sculpture Gallery, filled with masterpieces of marble, appeared.
In the rooms of Chatsworth, you can immerse yourself in the atmosphere of the life of English aristocrats, see not only the interiors of different periods of the past, but also clothes, dishes, books, look behind the screens of bedrooms and bathrooms of Victorian times. All exhibits once served the Cavendish family. And still when renovating the interiors of living rooms, antique pieces of furniture become part of the exposition. Of the one hundred and twenty-six rooms, twenty-six are open to the public — the rest are closed to the hands of the family.
Chatsworth House was featured in several famous movies – Pride and Prejudice in 2005, Duchess in 2008 were shot on the estate