House for the elite: Rumors and facts about the legendary Stalinist high-rise – the house at Kotelnicheskaya
Stalin skyscrapers always spawned many incredible rumors and conjectures. Since the 1950s, they have evoked both awe, and admiration, and great interest. Each of these magnificent buildings has its own history and its own individual charm. No exception – and the high-rise at Kotelnicheskaya, which has repeatedly appeared in feature films as a home for the elect and the ultimate dream of the ordinary citizen.
Khrushchev called the house unsuccessful
The main building began to build high-rises in 1938 and built two years. To complete this ambitious project was completely prevented by the war. Only in 1947, construction was resumed as part of the decree on the construction of high-rise buildings in the city, signed by Stalin. So the official date of the foundation of this house (as well as other famous Stalinist skyscrapers) is still considered September 7, 1947, the day of the celebration of the 800th anniversary of the capital.
The project was led by Dmitry Chechulin, who was subsequently given an apartment here. By the way, when Nikita Khrushchev came to power, Stalin began to be actively criticized for the irrational use of folk remedies, and the excessive pretentiousness and decoration of these buildings. The culprit of such “mistakes in construction” Khrushchev called primarily Chechulin.
Had to sacrifice lanes
The grandiose L-shaped skyscraper “crushed” old lanes located earlier on this site (Bolshaya Podgorny, Maly Podgorny, Sveshnikov and Kurnosov), and also visually blocked the view of Shvivaya Gorka from the embankment. This historic suburb of the city was inhabited since the XV century, and at first artisans of flammable specialties lived here. The locality later became known as the Lousy Hill, and the embankment itself got its name in honor of the small settlement of Kotelnikov standing here.
Shvivaya Gorki has a very rich history in general, and the development of the area itself was no less interesting, therefore, of course, it is very unfortunate that this area fell out of the panorama of Moscow.
Granite and marble did not regret
The skyscraper at Kotelnicheskaya is a three-building with 32 floors in the central part and 8-10 in the side. It is designed in the form of a star of three rays. The stalinka spire is crowned with a coat of arms set at a height of 176 meters.
The building, made in the style of the Stalin Empire style, from an architectural point of view is very interesting. On the one hand, it was intended to show America our building and architectural power, and on the other, it recalls the high tower-like churches and terems of old Moscow and refers us to the charm of old Russian wooden architecture. At least that was the original idea.
Construction: facts and rumors
A bold project for the construction of Stalinist skyscrapers from the very beginning came across the lack of builders of the necessary buildings and technical capabilities. Sometimes they had to learn right in the process, and solve technical problems in real time. So, due to weak Moscow soils (sand, loam, etc.), a heavy-duty foundation was required for the construction of such heavy monoliths. Plants were established in Lyubertsy and Kuchin. Special tower cranes and special bricks began to be produced. So we can say that the construction of Stalinok accelerated the development of the construction industry in the USSR as a whole.
During the construction of the building on Kotelnicheskaya, as well as in the construction of the high-rise building of Moscow State University, they actively used the labor of prisoners, for whom they immediately set up a special camp unit surrounded by a three-meter fence with barbed wire.
Participation in the construction of prisoners gave rise to the most incredible rumors among residents. Some said that the prisoners had left their marks and mysterious inscriptions on the walls in the basements, others – that they had bricked up particularly disagreeable politicians in the walls.