Giant house-sail on Khodynka field
Many unusual houses have been built in Moscow, however, not all of them are old. For example, one of the most interesting and controversial buildings, House-Sail, appeared in the XXI century. The giant residential building of a teardrop shape, located on Grizodubova Street (Khodynskoe Field), really reminds something of a sail blown up in the wind, which looks grand and arouses curiosity. And the story of this high-rise building is also interesting.
The giant house in a historic place
In addition to the aforementioned nickname, the building is popularly called “House-drop”, “House-whale”, “House-ear”, “House-snail” and even “House-coin”, although its form is not at all round. Rather, it resembles a horizontally lying comma or half a drop. But most of all he really looks like a sail, which is reflected in the most common of its names.
Khodynsky field – a place with an ancient history. It is known that in the XIV century he was bequeathed to his son Dmitry Donskoy, and three centuries later Vasily Shuisky defeated the False Dmitry of the Second here.
Over the centuries, this or that significant event has been constantly taking place here, so the story of Khodynka itself deserves a separate story. In more recent times, already in the XX century, this area was also in the spotlight. In 1918, the first parade of the Red Army, dedicated to May Day, took place here, and the airfield worked here for almost a hundred years (the last plane flew from here in 2003). By the way, the Sail House is now in place of the runway of this country’s first airfield.
In 2004, the area began to actively build houses. On Khodynka, as you know, there is a huge shopping and entertainment center and an ice palace. Now the area resembles a town of the future – very unusual, modern buildings have been erected here, and moreover, they are located very chaotically. It must be said that the strange and stately House-Sail fits this “company” in the best way possible, being in essence the main focus of this architectural composition.
Initially, the authors of the project, Andrei Bokov and Boris Uborevich-Borovsky, had no plans to build a drop-like building here: the only task was to design the longest house in Europe. But taking into account all the nuances (for example, the fact that a school with a stadium will be located near the house and that they cannot be shaded, and enough sunlight should get into the windows), the authors had to show an incredible imagination. Thus arose the arc and accent in the form of a hump, which eventually turned into a giant drop in the style of Dubai high rises.
The project was changed based on the wishes of investors.
At the heart of the house are two arcs and their radius is not the same. The width of the building in the center of one, and at the edges – the other. In general, the house is quite narrow, so the “drop” seems to be completely flat.
Construction went on for several years. In the design and construction of the building, it was necessary to take into account a number of factors requiring new engineering and architectural solutions. These are non-standard located elevator mechanisms (the upper floors of the entrances are not on the same level, therefore, for engineering networks and other communications, two hollow arcs had to be made), and difficulties in cleaning snow from a sloping roof, and uneven apartment layouts. And all these difficulties – only because the building is arched. As they say, beauty requires sacrifice.
The house is divided into several sections, each of which has its own entrance with a lobby and its own elevators. In the highest part of the building there are 24 floors, and there are only 272 apartments in the House-Sail. Various organizations are located on the ground floors, and the rest are residential. Interestingly, the house has even glazed terraces designed for arranging the winter garden. They are located in the end apartments.
Special attention is given to the rectangular red formalite insert in the center of the house, which looks like a patch. This strange block is not at all a creative idea of architects, but appeared here as a result of their disagreement with investors. Initially, the architects planned to leave an empty space in the center of the House-Sail, offering a view of the Aviation Museum located behind the building. The idea, you see, is original. However, investors considered this irrational use of space, because it was in their interest to realize as much space as possible. Therefore, we had to fill the “hole” apartments.